Tenses

Tense is a word that indicates the time of an action. It denotes the state of being in the Past, Present or Future." Tenses can be divided into the following three types. They are as follows:

  • Past Tense
  • Present Tense
  • Future Tense
Every Tense is sub classified into four types. They are as given below:
  • Simple
  • Perfect
  • Continuous
  • Perfect Continuous
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PRESENT TENSE

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
The Simple Present Tense is used to show habitual actions, to express universal truth, to show a future action that is already planned, to indicate likes and dislikes, to write headlines for newspapers, etc.

Structure :   Subject   V1 / V1(s) +Object

 # Forms of Simple Present Tense

PrST
Examples :
 I eat an apple.
You eat an apple.
He eat(s) an apple.
 

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
This tense is used to express an action that was completed in the past but linked with the present, has been completed very recently in the presently. 

 Structure: S+ have / has + V3+ O
 
PrPT
 Examples:
I have eaten an apple.
She has eaten an apple.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
This tense is used to express the actions that are going at the time of speaking, to show an action which are going to take place or to show a definite plan in the future.

Structure:  S + am/ is / are + V4 + O

PrCT

Example :  
I am eating an apple.
She is eating an apple.
They are eating an apple.

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE 

This tense is used to emphasis the continuity of an action that began in the past and is still going on at the time of speaking.



Structure:  S + has been / have been + V4 + O


PrPCT
Examples:
I have been eating an apple. 
She has been eating an apple.


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PAST TENSE
“ The Past Tense is used to express an action that has already been completed in the recent past.”

SIMPLE PAST TENSE
The Simple Past Tense is used to express a past habitual action, an action that was completed before the time of speaking, an action that took place over a period of time in the past or to narrate a story.

Structure : S + V2 + O

#. Formation of Simple Past Tense

PaST


Example :
I ate an apple

They ate an apple.

She ate an apple.



PAST PERFECT TENSE
The Past Perfect Tense is used to describe an action that was completed before another action.

Structure : S + had + V3 + O

#. Formation of Past Perfect Tense


PaPT


Example :
I had eaten an apple.
He had eaten an apple.


PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
This tense is used to express an action going on at sometime in the past or to express an action which had started at sometime but had not ended at the time some other action took place.

Structure: S + was / were + V4 + O

#. Formation of Past Continuous Tense

PaCT
 Examples :
She was eating an apple.
They were eating an apple.


PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
The Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used to show an action that had been going on before another past action or to show the action that was recently completed.

Structure : S + had been + V4 + O

#. Formation of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

PaPCT

Examples :
I had been eating an apple.
They had been eating an apple.
She had been eating an apple.

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FUTURE TENSE
The Future Tense is used to express an action that is likely to take place in future. “


SIMPE FUTURE TENSE
The Simple Future Tense is used to express an action which will take place or to express planned action or to refer to a general statement about the future.

Structure : S + will / shall + V1 + O

#. Formation of Simple Future Tense

FST


Examples :
I will eat an apple.
We shall go to market.
She shall come to the party.


FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
The Future Perfect Tense is used to indicate an action which will be completed before a certain time in future.

Structure:  S + shall have /will have + V3 + O

#. Formation of Future Perfect Tense

FPT

Examples:

I shall have eaten an apple.

He shall have eaten an apple.



FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

The future continuous tense is used to indicate an action that will be going on in future or to refer to a pre-scheduled future plan.

Structure: S+ will be + V4 + O

#. Formation of Future Continuous Tense





FCT


Example:
I will be eating an apple.
It will be eating an apple.
You will be eating an apple.


FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
The Future Perfect Continuous Tense is used to refer an action to a long action before a particular time in future.

Structure: S + shall have been / will have been / V4 + O

#. Formation of Future Perfect Continuous Tense
 
FPCT

Example: 
I will have been eating an apple.
They will have been eating an apple.
She shall have been eating an apple.